T-Shirts – Widespread Phrases Defined
T-shirt producers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases are usually not at all times constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer cloth is created. T-shirts made from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The phrases are used some ways, but it surely’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads could be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it could be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Cloth: Rayon constituted of bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most specialists agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo cloth is extraordinarily delicate and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, labeled as a grass, which could be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to melt and misery the look of the material being washed.
Boat Neck: A really extensive neckline that runs throughout the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the extensive neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s trend reply to the spouse beater. A ladies’s tank prime, though it may be any coloration.
Brushed Cotton: A way to take away extra lint and fibers from cotton cloth. Brushed cotton often has a really delicate, clean end.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or different sturdy acid to “burn-out” elements of a cloth knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The method provides a see-through, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with world warming. A number of t-shirt producers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Unbiased group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates brief fibers and removes filth and international matter. Carding could be finished by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton isn’t as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This provides cloth a delicate really feel and a classic look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure crops. Helpful in ensuring kinds of materials, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo cloth is definitely rayon constituted of bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero impression on the Earth’s local weather. A number of t-shirt producers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with world warming.
Colorfastness: The flexibility of a garment to resist a number of washings with out dropping its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A way to take away brief fibers and to rearrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, high-quality cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive power, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special coloration than the garment. Provides a pleasant design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: A global group that gives certification companies for a wide range of programs–including many natural certification applications. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (International Natural Textile Commonplace).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy cloth with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. High-quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the most well-liked on the earth for materials. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton cloth. Varieties akin to Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than peculiar varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Commonest neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to show the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. The sort of stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a cloth hangs. A material like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a rough cloth like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that incorporates a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily free time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Attire made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who endure most from environmental abuses akin to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to provide a delicate end and clean look to a cloth. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the material in comparison with stone washing.
European Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, dimension massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A males’s massive European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Cloth Dyed: Cloth dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Honest Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly necessary within the attire enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Honest Put on Basis: A global group devoted to enhancing garment employees’ lives all around the world. Works with corporations that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take duty for his or her provide chain.
High-quality Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy cloth with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. High-quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with high-quality cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Often made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about Four.three ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions differ, however typically a fitted minimize refers to a minimize that flatters the physique. Used usually in ladies’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt shall be tighter than the highest or backside. General, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full minimize.
Full Reduce: A beneficiant, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular kinds are typically thought of full-cut, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been minimize and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the look and feel of the material.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the 1990s when shoppers turned anxious about genetically modified meals. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on every thing from meals to pure materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for International Natural Textile Commonplace. A venture of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, with a purpose to present a reputable assurance to the top shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS licensed.
Inexperienced: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Corporations that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The best way a cloth feels to the contact. A material that feels delicate and clean is taken into account to have a superb hand.
Hemp Cloth: Hemp, or Hashish sativa, has been used for material for 1000’s of years, largely as an industrial cloth. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s utilized in many clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (generally as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley could be both brief or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to cloth.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that may be very delicate and has a superb drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very high-quality clothes.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most sturdy of knits. It’s mild weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. High-quality cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with high-quality cotton threads akin to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up cloth have been made. There are lots of kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is often present in t-shirts and is essentially the most sturdy of knits. It’s mild weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. Then again, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the material, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very high-quality materials. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is far wider than an peculiar tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of material sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures shoppers that the attire they purchase is chemical free and poses no danger to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothes have to be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different poisonous chemical substances.
Natural Attire: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment business. It could imply something from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Typically mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so forth. Customers should test the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Licensed natural cotton has been inspected to insure it actually is natural.
Natural Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved in regards to the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed clothes or materials are dyed with a further coloration to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterised by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a consequence of their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn out to be often called efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts made from 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this method to t-shirt customizers who need to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A sort of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used usually in high-quality males’s and girls’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-type, high-quality textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in attire, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the means of pre-shrinking cloth earlier than it’s minimize and sewn. Often it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the customer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried utilizing a garments dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting coloration from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider underneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who need most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often function a raglan sleeve model.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its fundamental ingredient. Rayon may be very delicate, has glorious drape, and may be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterised by heavy vertical ribs working down the material. Rib knits are often labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the width of the rib in comparison with the area between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between every rib is similar width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as extensive because the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continual spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in varied colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or cloth to melt and misery it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and delicate end to cloth, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Vast, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in ladies’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Slightly stretchier than high-quality jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of material sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton attire and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however Four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam working down at either side underneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are costlier to fabricate.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really clean and delicate end to cloth, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a males’s tank prime.
Slim Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, dimension massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes cloth softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Generally bleach is used on this course of.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterised by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of material sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Tubular Type:A mode that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to fabricate, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No commonplace definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, high-quality cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never minimize as full as a daily males’s t-shirt. The sleeves are usually not further brief, like cap sleeves, however are usually not full elbow lengths both. The physique size is often medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are extensive variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned unbiased in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embody pressured youngster labor and environmentally damaging practices. Moral attire corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many corporations do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is reasonable.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Might be deep or shallow, relying on the model. Often favored by ladies, however a shallow model v-neck is fashionable amongst males.
Viscose: Sometimes one other identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Often expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton cloth signifies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. High-quality jersey cotton materials often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton materials have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Often refers to a fundamental white tank prime.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that’s dyed earlier than it’s woven into a cloth.